Ignite FB Tracking PixelFurniture, Fixtures and Equipment: A Quick Crash Course in Home Design - Vincent Zhang

Furniture, Fixtures and Equipment: A Quick Crash Course in Home Design

by Vincent Zhang 12/27/2021

Furniture, fixtures and equipment (FF&E) interior design projects might seem as though they only involve choosing new items based on their style, color and other aesthetic elements. However, FF&E projects go beyond aesthetics in scope. In fact, interior designers working on FF&E projects should do significant research on textiles, materials and other components to ensure safety standards. Items chosen for these projects might need to meet certain requirements, such as industry standards, sustainability certification and federal regulations. The following are some examples of FF&E projects and the kinds of research involved.


When FF&E projects involve architectural woodwork, interior designers might need to check several factors before including a certain item. They might need to do research on the veneer cuts and lumber used to craft the item, as well as the finishes that are present on it. Interior designers might also look for information on whether the item was made in a lumber mill or made by a carpenter. They might also need to find out which kinds of substrates and laminate are on the item.


For FF&E projects that involve flooring, interior designers might have to research a few different specifications to ensure the safety of floor coverings. These projects can include a wide range of flooring materials, such as carpeting, wood floors, stone floors, vinyl floors and tile floors. For carpeting, interior designers need to calculate the quantity of carpeting needed, so that it fits properly in a room and does not create tripping hazards. They might also need to determine how vitreous tile flooring is, which refers to the amount of water it absorbs. For wood, laminate and other flooring materials with smooth surfaces, interior designers might do Taber testing to determine its resistance to abrasion or wear and tear.

Window Coverings

Interior designers who are including window coverings in an FF&E project have a few factors to research. They’ll need to understand the uses and characteristics of different window coverings, such as blinds and shades, in terms of industry standards, regulations, safety standards and more. When working with drapery or curtains, they might need to do research on fullness, pleat types and the amount of space they take up when opened fully, which is known as stack back.

Fabrics and Textiles

Interior designers often need to work with different fabrics and textiles for FF&E projects. Besides helping clients choose fabrics and textiles based on color and other design elements, they’ll need to research certain specifications for these materials. These specifications might include an in-depth understanding of synthetic and natural fibers, as well as specialty fibers. Interior designers might also need to conduct tests on these materials, such as crocking resistance tests and abrasion resistance tests to determine their durability, safety and quality.

Wall Coverings

FF&E projects involving wall coverings might include paint, wallpaper, panels or fabric wall coverings. Interior designers might need to check different specifications depending on the wall covering they’re working with. For example, they might need to research different paint or the materials used for upholstered wall panels. They might need to research resistance to cold and heat for these wall coverings as well.

About the Author

Vincent Zhang

I am a real estate broker, property manager, and investor, located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. To each client, I bring close to a decade of experience in real estate, first as a real estate investor, then manager, and now love to share my experience and knowledge with property buyers and sellers as a real estate broker. Since attending the University of Michigan in 2005, I have lived in Ann Arbor ever since. My exceptional knowledge of the market as an investor and property manager provides a unique perspective and competitive advantage to my clients for selling and buying both residential and investment properties.

I have successfully managed investment properties in Ypsilanti and Kalamazoo and have conducted real estate transactions throughout southeast Michigan. Whether clients are looking for their first home, vacation homes, or the home of their dreams, I will be able to stay on top of the process, remove obstacles and make the real estate deals as pleasurable as possible. I enjoy working with people and finding ways to share a laugh or two in the process. I take pride in being available to my clients and being responsive to their needs.

In addition to my residential property expertise, and my multicultural background, I am capable of working with international investors and home buyers to make their international property purchases smoother and trouble-free. If you are interested in the acquisition of investment homes for your children while they attend the University of Michigan, as a property manager, investor, and broker, I will be able to help you make that reality come true.

I graduated from the University of Michigan and own and operate several businesses in Ann Arbor and Ypsilanti. In addition to my real estate experience, I am also a technology enthusiast and am always on the hunt to use technology and media to enhance the buying and selling experience. 

If you are looking to make your first home purchase, or are trying to sell your home, give me a call and I can guide you through the services that I can offer you to help you start along the journey. I take great pride in my work and it would be an honor for me to represent you and your needs.

Yours truly, Vincent Zhang